abbas edit 2[1] - On 3rd June, 2006, montenegero became the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
On 3 rd June, 2006, montenegero became the world's 196 th country, after it gained independence from Serbia and montegnegro and established its own entity and state. More importantly, it highlights the ever-present influence that nationalist movements currently hold on our world. However, the question of whether these nationalist movements are a modern creation is one that remains unanswered. My essay will tackle this question by providing historical examples that show “nationalism” (as defined in the essay) has not come about as a result of the “modern” period, and has never been, and never will be, exclusive to it. My essay will include defining “nation” and “nationalism”, analyzing the leading theories of nationalism (with particular emphasis on modernist theories), and highlighting the issues that keep these theories from proving nationalism to be a modern invention. This essay will use Ernest Gellner's definition of “nation” (as found in his text, “State and Nation”), Stanford's Encyclopedia of Philosophy's definition of “nationalism” and the Theory of Modernism's definition of “modern.” Hence, in this essay, two men are of the same nation if they recognize each other as from the same nation and if they share the same culture (“culture” being “a system of signs, ideas and association and ways of behaving and communicating”), “nationalism” is “(1) the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their identity as members of that nation and (2) the actions that the members of a nation take in seeking to achieve (or sustain) some form of political sovereignty” (Nationalism, Stanford), and “modern” is the period after the French revolution. As the dominant positions on the concept of nationalism help push forth the arguments of this essay, understanding them is crucial to evaluating the arguments. There are four main schools of thought, the first of which is the modernist theory, advocated by Ernest Gellner and Benedict Anderson, among other theorists. The modernist theory explains nationalism as a product of modern processes, such as capitalism, industrialism, secularism, the appearance of bureaucratic state, and urbanization, all of which came about after the revolution in France of 1789. Proponents of this theory claim that nationalism became necessary only in the modern era; there was no space for it before that. Constructivism, a similar approach, states that human beings have a fundamental psychological need to
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course POL 100 taught by Professor Rasulbakshrais during the Spring '11 term at Lahore University of Management Sciences.

Page1 / 3

abbas edit 2[1] - On 3rd June, 2006, montenegero became the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online