Worksheet 12 - Worksheet 12: Session 12: Globalizing the...

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Worksheet 12: Session 12: Globalizing the nation/state 1. The What: What is this session on? This session explores globalization, trying to get its head around the impact of globalization for the nation/state. What is globalization – i.e. what analytical and normative definitions and prescriptions exist within the globalization paradigm? What does this mean for the nation/state? Has the state 'eclipsed' or does it continue to play a role? If so, is this role the same? Or has it changed? Having spent some time on trying to understand the origins and characteristics of the state, as well as the state as manifested in the very specific, somewhat localized and definitely ideological (we will speak of ideology later in the course) guise of nationalism, we now move a level up, and look at globalization and its effect on the nation/state. We have to date assumed that the nation/state plays a role, but with the onset of globalization in the 1990s, the role of the state was increasingly questioned especially within political science, but certainly also within polemical discourse. Though political science as a discipline seems to have moved on to other debates, the question still remains pertinent today, as you will read below. 2. The Why: Why are we focusing on this (importance)? Let me take you through four different examples to explain the significance of this discussion. Following the floods, the IMF, the World Bank and the ADB have been pushing the Pakistani government to implement structural reforms in infrastructure and the public sector before loans and grants are approved. Hillary Clinton, the US Secretary of State likewise said that the US would not give aid until Pakistan attempted to raise funds for flood relief by taxing the wealthy. Most if not all ruling political parties and formal institutions within Turkey want to be part of the European Union (EU). But the EU is asking Turkey to implement not only economic reforms, but reforms related to human rights. The EU is e.g. pushing the Turkish government to grant more rights to the Kurds. In July 1998 in Rome, 120 member states of the UN adopted a treaty to establish the first ever permanent International Criminal Court following a number of individual tribunals (like Germany's Nuremburg Trials, the Tokyo Tribunals, etc.) around the world. For years the World Social Forum has been bringing together for "…an open meeting place for reflective thinking, democratic debate of ideas, formulation of proposals, free exchange of experiences and inter-linking for effective action, by groups and movements of civil society that are opposed to neo- liberalism and to domination of the world by capital and any form of imperialism, and are committed to building a society centred on the human person". The World Social Forum typically sees itself as a counter to forums like World Economic Forum in Davos where only business and government leaders come together, or various state-centric meetings where only the
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course POL 100 taught by Professor Rasulbakshrais during the Spring '11 term at Lahore University of Management Sciences.

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Worksheet 12 - Worksheet 12: Session 12: Globalizing the...

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