Midterm_1A_Anth_101_W2011_ - Anth 101 Winter 2011 Midterm 1...

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Anth 101 Name __________________________________ Winter 2011 Midterm 1 Student ID ______________________________ SECTION 001, TEST MASTER 001 Circle the answers on your test booklet and fill in the scantron provided. 1. Early evolutionary thinkers, such as Cuvier, Compte de Buffon, and Lamarck, had some ideas that we still accept today, such as a. species share common ancestors with other species b. there is no link between the environment and a species morphology c. populations change over time d. all of the above e. I made a mistake when I wrote this question, so I have eliminated from the exam. Cuvier did not argue that populations change over time, only Buffon and Larmack did. Cuvier saw populations as fixed. The wording is vague enough that one could argue that“populations change over time” means that a new population comes along and replacing a previous population, as Cuvier did argued. I intended the phrase to mean change within a given population. 2. Which of the following is an example of a discrete Mendelian trait that is not influenced by multiple genes and/or environmental factors? a. height b. skin color c. lung capacity d. ABO blood type e. eye color 3. The order of adaptive responses in human, from first response to last, is a. genetic, behavioral/cultural, physiological, developmental b. behavioral/cultural, physiological, developmental, genetic c. physiological, developmental, genetic, behavioral/cultural d. genetic, behavioral/cultural, developmental, physiological e. developmental, behavioral/cultural, physiological, genetic 4. Adaptation to cold climates includes the evolution of shorter and thicker limbs, which is an example of a. gene flow b. acclimatization c. Bergmann’s rule d. genetic drift e. none of the above 5. Which group contains species that are often very sexually dimorphic? a. cercopithecoids b. lemurs c. platyrrhines d. gibbons e. tarsiers 1
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6. Adaptation to solar radiation in humans a. results in light skin closer to the equator because it decreases the chance of skin cancer b. results in light skin at high latitudes because it prevents the breakdown of Vitamin D c. results in dark skin closer to the equator because it enables the absorption of folate d. xis the basis for the discrete, non-overlapping categories of humans e. none of the above 7. Most biological anthropologists today agree that race is __________________ a. often the basis for discrimination and intolerance b. biologically invalid c. not a useful concept for understanding human variation d. a social construct e. all of the above 8. Darwin could not explain a. inheritance b. adaptation to environmental pressures c. fitness d. the origin of species e. comparative anatomy 9. Gene flow a. is random change in allele frequencies b. results when two populations meet and exchange mates c. commonly occurs during bottlenecks (founder effect) d. all of these e. 10. Two groups of organisms look very similar. However, when an individual attempts to interbreed with a
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Nancy during the Spring '11 term at Waterloo.

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Midterm_1A_Anth_101_W2011_ - Anth 101 Winter 2011 Midterm 1...

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