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Unformatted text preview: Stratified Egal: Big Man takes the least (e.g.,Ongka) Strat: Chief takes the most 8 Competitive feasting
To win prestige through gift giving To establish or prolong mutual obligation A Distant Mirror. The Calamitous 14th Century
By Barbara Tuchman, 1978 9 The Feast by T. Asch Gifts as both hospitality and threat Kwakiutl (NW coast N. America) Potlatch: A form of competitive feasting 10 Patterns of Culture
By Ruth Benedict, 1934 Kwakiutl wealth
Land and sea products Ownership of names, myths, songs Noble names (titles) = most valuable Had to earn right to name by giving 100% interest was common
11 Object of life: To acquire status Status climbing through gift-giving Kwakiutl
did not use wealth to get more wealth, wealth used to get prestige Not by conspicuous consumption, by conspicuous distribution
12 13 Benedict:
Kwakiutl do not fight with weapons; they fight with property To glorify self, shame rival Economy makes status system work Marvin Harris: Cultural materialism
Cultures are solutions to material conditions
14 Competitive feast assures production among peoples without a ruling class On threat of status loss, Big Man
Works harder Worries more Consumes less Prestige is the only reward
15 Competitive feasting
Raises levels of productivity Status rivalry makes economy work 16 The Gift
Marcel Mauss, 1925 Loss of gift-giving
as a moral transaction that maintains social relationships Cabbage Patch Kids 17 18 Tamagotchi ‘gift’ cognate to ‘poison’ ‘Gifts make slaves like whips make dogs’ 20 Dame Edna (on Parkinson, July 6 2002)
Every gift says, ‘Thank you’ Every gift also says, ‘Please’ 21 Ongka, ‘I have won, I have knocked you down by giving so much.’ 22...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course ANTH 1101 taught by Professor Watts during the Spring '11 term at Texas Brownsville.
- Spring '11