6 - 060809 - Today’s Music Intro ‘When the Saints go...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Music Intro ‘When the Saints go Marching In’ by Louis Armstrong When the revelation (revolution) comes Oh lord I want to be in that number When the saints go marching in ‘Power to the People’ (J Lennon) ver by Black Eyed Peas Well you get on your feet And out on the street Singing power to the people Power to the people 1 Who’s in charge here? Anthropology 1102, August 6, 2009 John Gordon 6488-2067 [email protected] A Death to Pay For (1995) Sequel to The Kawelka Ongka, Catholic, wealthy from coffee Elders dispute w new Big Man Compensation for death v Rule of Law? 3 Tribal Colonial Global Economy changes from: Redistributive Market World Market (though note overlaps) The West Wing (ABC) ‘A Passage From India’ on WebCT > Unit materials 4 Politics The competition for power & authority Power The ability to act on people and things The ability to change things Authority The right (v. the ability) to make decisions & command obedience 5 www.twitter.com (1102uwa) Who is more powerful? US President Barack Obama Aus Prime Minister Kevin Rudd PNG Big Man Ongka 6 Barack Obama Authority of office Massive power, but No formal power over Congress (except veto) Kevin Rudd Authority of office Formal power over Parliament Ongka Authority of Big Man No formal power over kin 7 Social power Ability to make choices that change an entire social group Schultz & Lavenda, Chap 9 In Search of Respect Ray has power over Primo & Caesar Ray has no power when dealing w city 8 Non-Western view of power Independent of humans B. Anderson ‘Idea of Power in Javanese Culture’ 9 Java Power is concrete & tangible Sign = divine radiance (halo) Sacred objects: kris, batik, gamelan 10 Power is more than physical force Political systems need loyalty of the governed Collapse of Soviet Union Economy stagnated Elites could not prevent radical change 11 All societies Have some form of political organisation Do not need states to maintain order Politics can work through kin or religion 12 Political systems Maintain internal order (within society) Maintain external order (relations with other societies, including war) Warfare increases with rise of states bad for global business 13 How to make people behave? Social control Morals & beliefs (shame, fear, right/wrong) Formal codes: Laws, regulations 14 Laws cannot cover cover all aspects of life Hegemony (A. Gramsci) Persuading people to accept the ideology of the dominant group 15 Politics related to economics Political organisation & Exchange Type Bands Tribes, Chiefdoms States Reciprocal Redistributive Market 16 Decentralised Bands (Bushmen of S. Africa) Tribes (Kawelka) Centralised Chiefdoms (Kwakiutl) States (Aus, Indonesia) 17 18 States most highly developed political organisation have organisational power can control large numbers of people overwhelm non- or pre-states 19 Census as tool of power Politics often linked to religion Celestialisation Linking politics & religion 20 Balinese (Indonesia) Hindu Kings held ceremonies to cleanse island of evil spirits Besakih (mother temple) on Mt Agung 21 Ekadasa Rudra ‘Ritual of Eleven Powers’ cleansing ritual held every 100 yrs Eruption of Mt Agung in 1963 Eruption foreshadowed Indonesian coup attempt 1965 Decimation of Communist Party 22 Ritual cleansing? 1974 crash of PanAm 002 11 years, 11 months, 11 days after eruption of 1963 The dead from 11 nations 23 ...
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