7 - 110809 - Today’s music intro ‘Rum &...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s music intro ‘Rum & Coca-Cola’ by the Andrews Sisters Drinkin' rum and Coca-Cola Go down Point Koomahnah Both mother and daughter Workin' for the Yankee dollar ‘Treaty’ by Yothu Yindi This land was never given up This land was never bought and sold The planting of the Union Jack Never changed our law at all Q: What are these songs about? Colonialism & its Legacies ANTH1102, August 11, 2009 John Gordon 6488-2067 john.gordon@uwa.edu.au 500 word essay due Friday, Aug 21 2 to 5 references max No lectures or tutorials next week! Coups in Fiji: 1987, 2000 Indians in Fiji. Why? Labour scarce in Fiji Abundant in India Solution: British colonizers take Indians to Fiji Cat’s Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut ICE-9 Capitalism similar to ICE-9 or DNA Colonialism: system of economic, political & cultural domination World population post WW II: 2 billion 700,000,000 were colonial subjects Britain: 500,000,000 Holland: 70,000,000 France: 70,000,000 Japan: 30,000,000 (pre WW II) US: 15,000,000 Belgium: 15,000,000 Portugal: 10,000,000 Raymond Kennedy, 1945 The colonial crisis & the future, in R Linton, ed. The science of man & the world in crisis. Indonesia a Dutch Colony (the Nederlands East Indies) taken over by Japan 1945-1965 Former colonies won or were granted independence European powers Navigation Military organisation Weapons Commercial efficiency Conquest followed economic & political subjugation Universal features of colonialism Colour line Superiority/inferiority Political control by colonial power May have self-governance But military never in local control Economic dependence No middle class Migrants (Chinese, Indians) take over middle Universal features (cont.) Poor social services Schools not well developed But note difference Britain (India) v Holland (Indonesia) Lack of social contact, rulers & locals But much variation British very strict Portuguese much less so Eric Wolf, 1969 Peasant Wars of the 20th Century Spread of North Atlantic capitalism & reaction to it Land as part of culture Land has ritual value Stripped of social obligations Capitalism transform social actors into economic actors Pre-capitalism Landlord & tenant mutually dependent Landlord supports tenant in bad years Capitalism Balance shifts to favour landlord Population begins to grow Unused resources disappear Village social welfare weakens Western law introduced Peasants rebel Conflict today? Ethnic Religious ...
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