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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Music Intro
‘Revolution’ by Bob Marley & the Wailers
It takes a revolution (revolution) to make a solution; (doo-doo-doo-doo) Too much confusion (aaa-aaah), so much frustration, eh! I don't wanna live in the park (live in the park); Can't trust no shadows after dark (shadows after dark), yeah-eh! So, my friend, I wish that you could see, Like a bird in the tree, the prisoners must be free, yeah! (free) ‘Revolution’ by The Beatles (Fab Again cover)
You say you want a revolution Well, you know We all want to change the world You tell me that it's evolution Well, you know We all want to change the world ‘I Want to Hold Your Hand’ by The Beatles The Ebbs and Flows The of Globalisation
Anthropology & Sociology 102: Global Change, Local Responses 26/8/09 Beatlemania Beatlemania London Australia USA Sydney Japan New York Israel Rio de Janiero Granada Mali Milan How Do We Explain This? How How do we explain their emergence in so many different parts of the globe? Transcultural Diffusion Transcultural
Alfred Kroeber 1940 The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies But how does it happen? What are the vectors of transmission?
Alfred L. Kroeber Yes, but how do we explain this? Yes, Globalisation Globalisation
What is it? What
• Often used as a synonym for the worldwide spread of neoliberal economic policies or for Americanisation, it is more accurately refers to flows of people, finance, commodities, images and ideas beyond the borders of nation states. (M, W & C, Being Sociological, p.434) Our task over the coming seven weeks is Our to make sense of the term Anthropologically & Sociologically Mass Migration Neoliberalism Postmodernity Colonialism Post WWII Developments Globalisation Independence Post colonialism Welfare State Modernity Economic Boom Cold war The Creation of the Third World - Development Debating Globalisation Debating
Tutorial Week 11 Globalisation is an irrepressible force Globalisation that has always been part of human history. It delivers more good than harm and to protest against globalisation is not only pointless, it is misguided. The problem with globalisation is that it The eradicates cultural diversity. Bland homogenisation is the best we can hope for from the forces currently sweeping the globe Your tasks Your
Complete your major research essay – Complete due 6 October 5 pm. Deepen your anthropological and Deepen sociological understanding of globalisation through research and engagement in the debates surrounding the concept
• Treat it as another research essay • Prepare yourself to complete this in exam conditions So what is this thing called… So
GLOBALISATION A concept/process not a thing
• Reification ‘to regard or treat an abstraction as if it had concrete or material existence’.
(rinkworks.com/words/linguistics/) So what is this process called globalisation? So
• ‘via telecommunication, digital computers, etc – [global events can] occur almost simultaneously anywhere and everywhere in the world’ (Scholte, 1996: 45). Increasing Interconnectedness (Waters Increasing (Waters 1995)
• Of individuals and collective bodies across geographic and political boundaries Space-Time Compression (Harvey 1989) Space-Time (Harvey
• ‘the general effect is for capitalist modernization to be very much about speed-up and acceleration in the pace of economic processes and, hence, social life’ (p. 230). Various Dimensions Various
The “longue duree” The of global connections/ interventions Intensification of Intensification connections over the past few decades Conceptual
Economic/Structural Economic/Structural Cultural/Social Cultural/Social In the next seven weeks… In
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Globalisation and development/environment (Melanesia) FILM: Since the Company Came – A story from the Rainforests of Solomon Islands Global Patterns of Migration The Quest for Respect in a Migrant Land Issues in Global Health Capital Flows & Work & Culture in a Globalised Economy FILM: Diverted to Delhi Glocalisation: Culture and Change in the New World Order Children's and Teenagers' disco dances in Bali DJ’s Tatoo Shop Anthropologist as Hero An Anthropology Without An Boundaries?
Lewellen 2002 (a very useful article) Lewellen ‘While Marxists from China to Peru, from Mao to Mariategui were theorizing the best method of getting rid of colonialism and imperialism and attaining socialism, American anthropologists were turning to Durkheim to help explain the processes of change through “acculturation”’. The collapse of colonialism and the emergence of a The Third World in the aftermath of WWII resulted in a creative burst of dependency theories, modernization theory (based strongly on Weber), dependency theory, world system theory and articulation theory ‘the world has undergone an epochal shift since the late 1960s’ Epochal Shifts Epochal
Economic crisis of 1970s Economic Collapse of the Soviet Union Collapse Fordist to Post-Fordist Production Fordist
• Mass production to flexible specialisation • Manufacturing shifting from Developed to Developing nations Welfare state to neoliberal economy Welfare Two broad views Two
Neoliberal – triumph of democracy and Neoliberal the free market Postmodern Postmodern
1. 2. 3. Profound technological change Identities tied up with consumerism Deteritorialization of space by instantaneous communication and cheap travel 4. The past has no objective reality – constructed according to need GLOBALIZATION
Guest Workers Capital
Money Knowledge/Ideas Political/ Structural Technology Goods
Essential Luxury “Cultural”
“Lifestyles” Refugees Tourists Sport Global Change, Local Responses Global
Anthropology – globalization best understood through the prism of the local AND/BUT Local events and happenings are best understood through the prism of the global The global articulates with the local (Schultz & Lavenda p.364) Eriksen (p.302) People’s lives are neither wholly global nor wholly global… They are GLOCAL GLOCALIZATION GLOCALIZATION
Merging of ‘the local’ with ‘the global’ Merging ‘…the local contains much that is global, ‘… while the global is increasingly penetrated and re-shaped by many locals’ (Riggs 1999). (Riggs ‘A parallel and simultaneous movement to the smaller AND the larger scale, to the local and the global’ (Swyngedouw 1997). ‘The creation of products or services intended for the global market, but customized to suit the local culture’ (SearchCIO.com). Debating Globalisation Debating
Globalisation = Homogenisation/Westernization? But it is still McDonalds What is Globalisation What
A complex set of issues in a complex argumentative discipline (discursive) Definitions – many and varied Definitions Economic versus Cultural Economic Historical Process versus Recent Historical Intensification Your call – what definitions make most Your sense to you? Why? And how will you use them/mobilise them analytically? Bibliography
Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press . Harvey, David. 1989. The Condition of Postmodernity, Oxford: Blackwell. Lewellen, Ted. 2002. Groping Toward Globalization: In Search of an Anthropology Without Boundaries. Reviews in Anthropology 31(1):73-90. Robbins, R.H. 2002. Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism. Boston: Pearson. Scholte, Jan Aart. 1996, “Beyond the Buzzword: Towards a Critical Theory of Globalization,” in E Kofman & G. Young (ed.), Globalization: Theory and Practice, London, Pinter. Waters, M. 1995, Globalization, London: Routledge. ...
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- Spring '11