17 - 061009 - Today’s Music Intro ‘The Day they Closed...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Music Intro ‘The Day they Closed the Factory Down’ by Harry Chapin His thirty years in the factory ended in that furnace blast. But they settled up for ten bucks a week and the bitterness is past, It did not last. "So they're moving somewhere else now With their cloths and fabric press. They found themselves another town where they'll make shirts for less. ‘Blue Sky Mine’ by Midnight Oil The sweat of my brow keeps on feeding the engine Hope the crumbs in my pocket can keep me for another night And if the blue sky mining company won’t come to my rescue If the sugar refining company won’t save me Who’s gonna save me? OnLine Quiz 2 Available Tuesday, Oct. 20, from 1.00pm for 2 weeks until Tuesday, Nov 3, at midnight 20 questions chosen from 35 May take twice, highest score prevails Purpose: To help you prepare for final exam Anth 1102 Martin Forsey Tues 6 October Capital Flows: Work and Culture in a Globalised Economy. A boy forages on Smokey Mountain, a massive pile of rubbish near Manila. Photo: David Munro, 1991 Source: www.smh.com.au/.../ 2002/08/18/1029114047460.html Partial reclamation of closed dumpsite Smokey Mountain ca. 2000 www.boku.ac.at/.../ Philippines/Philippines.htm In Praise of Cheap Labor (1997) “Bad jobs at bad wages are better than no jobs at all”. Globalisation: the transfer of technology and capital from high-wage to low-wage countries and the resulting growth of labor-intensive Third World exports Third World workers are the big beneficiaries • New export industries improvement for ordinary people • Indonesian caloric intake increased 30% since 1970s Paul Krugman http://www.slate.com/id/1918/ Bush critic Krugman wins Nobel prize The Age October 14, 2008 US economist Paul Krugman, a fierce critic of President George Bush's handling of the global financial crisis, has won the 2008 Nobel Economics Prize. … [His] theory shows that globalisation tends to increase pressure on urban living because specialisation sucks people into centres of concentration in which "regions become divided into a hightechnology urbanised core and a less developed 'periphery','' the Nobel jury said. Film on Thursday 55 minutes – be early as we will start at 11.55am What is culture? Can you lose culture? Can you gain culture? Another 500 jobs to go at Ford Australian Manufacturing Workers Union vehicle secretary Ian Jones – ``These big cars are not selling,'' he said. ``The financial crisis globally, to be quite frank, means people are hanging onto their money Steve Bracks, the former Victorian premier and head of the federal automotive industry review, said yesterday he expected Australia would reduce its car tariffs from 10 per cent to 5 per cent in 2010, as his August report recommended. ``I think the issue about tariffs are an issue which will sort of be almost beyond debate, because we won't have any tariffs to speak of in the future ... and that will put us in a very strong position internationally.'' The Australian Manufacturing Workers' Union slammed the tariff reduction recommendation when it was released in August, saying it would put Australia ``out on a limb ahead of the rest of the world''. WA Today October 14, 2008 Capital Flows: Work and Culture in a Globalised Economy The problem of naming ‘the now’ The problem of finding ‘the new’ – Neoliberalism/Postmodernism – Shareholder democracy – Structural adjustment policies (SAP) 1. Economic Globalisation – Neoliberalism & Structural Adjustment 2. Capital flow and it implications for various locales – core, semi-periphery, periphery (Australia, USA, Thailand, Indonesia etc) Questions Arising How did Primo find himself in the FIRE industry in New York? Why did the factory close down in Melbourne? How do women from rural Thailand find themselves working for low wages in urban factories? How do we explain call centres in India? How do we explain what is happening in the production of a call centre workforce in India? In Australia? How useful is it to link these phenomena to what has come to be called globalisation? Every social and cultural phenomenon can be interpreted in a multitude of different ways according to the perspective from which one sees it (Eriksen p.302) WHAT’S YOUR PERSPECTIVE? Ethnography • A method in search of a problem – How cultural different is understood, taught and managed in a school community • The surprise of ethnography Autonomous government schools From centralised employment to local selection From Public to Private Neoliberalism The rise of neo-liberalism There is no such thing as society Neo-liberalism A global ideal – – – – – – – – – – Private versus public Competition versus collusion (cooperation?) Individual contracts versus collective bargaining Decentralisation versus bureaucratic centres Local versus systemic Markets versus service Free markets versus regulation & tariffs Clients versus citizens Choice versus homogeneity/ equity Self-help versus welfare Neo-Liberalism (Nikolas Rose 1996) Reducing the size of the State (Degovermentalisation) – Creating markets governed by the rationalities of competition, accountability and consumer demand. – Governing NOT through society, but through the regulated choices of individual citizens/clients. Neo-liberalism in Australia • A belief system that took some time to penetrate Australia? • By the 1990s Australia led the way in privatisation of public enterprises • The creation of a shareholder democracy A Shareholder Democracy? Source: White, Tranter and Hanson 2004 Meanwhile in another part of the globe… Structural Adjustment Policy From state led development to neo-liberal growth state based economic planning reliance on market forces de-emphasise importance of national ownership emphasise incentives for foreign investment cuts in social services reductions in taxation and tarrifs Meanwhile in Europe…. Go to www.globalpolicy.org the average EU cow receives more support than half of the world's population. Three billion people live on less than US$2 a day, while European cows receive around US$2.20 www.cafod.org.uk So what do we have… • Deregulation in Australia, removal of protection in agriculture and industry • Manufacturing shifting from “rich” world to “poor” world • Loss of blue collar jobs in Australia (among others) • Increased employment opportunities in developing economies • Deregulation in developing economies • Maintenance of tariff barriers and agricultural subsidies in many developed nations PUTTING THE ECONOMY IN ITS PLACE… • Economy: The material means provisioning processes in cultural systems (Schultz & Lavenda 2005, p.229) – A system for producing and distributing goods and services • THE ECONOMY IS PART OF A SOCIAL TOTALILTY (Eriksen) • ECONOMIC QUESTIONS ARE SOCIAL QUESTIONS – Lambert (Death of a Factory) & Mills (Women and Labor Activism in Globalizing Thailand) – Read Schultz and Lavenda Ch 10 Making a Living – Being Sociological Chs 3,4 & 5 – Working, Consuming, Trading Questions Arising How did Primo find himself in the FIRE industry in New York? Why did the factory close down in Melbourne? How do women from rural Thailand find themselves working for low wages in urban factories? How do we explain call centres in India? How do we explain what is happening in the production of a call centre workforce? How useful is it to link these phenomena to what has come to be called globalisation? Thursday- Diverted to Delhi • How does outsourcing to call centres in India illustrate the process of globalisation? • What negative and positive social consequences are evident? • How do you/we explain what is going on here? • 55 minutes – be early as we will start the film at 11.55am A Sociological Joke… ‘Economics is all about how people make choices Sociology is all about how they don’t have any choices to make’ Duesenberry (1960) Today’s Music Exit • ‘Workin’ for the Man’ ver. by Mental as Anything – – – – – You better listen to me every one of you We got a lot of lot of lot of lot of work to do Forget about your women No, no water can Today you're working for the man ...
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