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[9] 230309 - Neuropsychology

[9] 230309 - Neuropsychology - Neuropsychology/03/09...

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Neuropsychology Chapter 19 23/03/09 Allison Fox Neuropsychology - The subfield of psychology whose goal is to explore and understand the relationship between brain processes, human behaviour and psychological functioning - Two main assumptions of the field; o Many complicated mental tasks involve subtasks that can be studied separately o Different psychological processes are controlled by different brain regions, or by different combinations of brain regions Foundations of Neuropsychology What is neuropsychology and how did it develop? A brief history of neuropsychology - In the early 1800s, the dominant view was that the brain worked as a single organ. - At this time, Franz Gall made three assumptions: o Specific brain areas control particular aspects of mental life. o Brain areas, like muscles, get better as people use them o As brain areas grow larger, they create corresponding bumps in the skull that can be studied This assumption lead to practice of phrenology -
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