290409 - Learning III Operant Conditioning

290409 - Learning III Operant Conditioning - Learning III...

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Learning III Operant Conditioning Dave Van Valkenburg Psychology 101 29/04/09 Operant [instrumental] Conditioning - In classical conditioning – behaviour is controlled by association o We learn about how things in the environment occur together, predict each other - In operant conditioning – behaviour is controlled by consequences o We learn about how our behaviour effects the environment o Or perhaps – how the environment effects our behaviour - Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) o Local cats and puzzle boxes o Law of Effect o Action stamped into the mind o Behaviour changes because of it’s consequences o Event wild creatures develop new habits - Burrhus Skinner (1904-1990) o Took it from there… o Extended the work on behaviour and consequences o Made the relationship much clearer and more detailed o Free will as an illusion Can’t define or measure o Work on rats, pigeons, people Types of consequences - Think of the ‘stength’ of a behaviour as the likelihood that it will re- occur
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Mannen during the Spring '11 term at Texas Brownsville.

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290409 - Learning III Operant Conditioning - Learning III...

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