L18F18[1] - Lecture 17 Midterm Monday… Video This film...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 17 (16/02/11) Midterm Monday… Video: - This film relates mostly to issues we haven’t addressed – related to issues of belief and interpretation- In a sense this was a visual introduction to this topic Introduction to Knowledge- What he’s been doing so far is really just an introduction to a more specific way of asking questions, but he has yet to go through a number of generalities- Big question – how do we organize knowledge?- Knowledge is NOT a given, it is the result of acquisition we seek information, we know things b/c we have been interested in them, and we know that this is not purely a question of how we perceive through our sense organs - Talking of a practical knowledge, we acquire it for practical reasons… we never have disinterested acquisition of knowledge Different Kinds of Knowledge- We have different kinds of knowledge- Explicit o Things that we not only know but that we can talk about o It’s just in a sense the tip of the iceberg of our knowledge- Tacit o Majority of things we know – tacit knowledge means “not spoken”… things we know but don’t tend to talk about o It can be divided into 2 categories: Implicit knowledge – things we don’t talk about but CAN talk about Unconscious knowledge – things we don’t know we know but it makes us do stuff- If we want to know what people know tacitly, we need to reconstruct this through experiments – watch was people do, ask them questions which bring the knowledge forward, etc… but it’s something that has to be worked for- Explicit cultural knowledge makes sense b/c of implicit knowledge o Ex. If peter and Mary had a big wedding – the statement is explicit knowledge, but what does a big wedding mean is something we fill in with implicit knowledge (ex. Meaning the bride will have an expensive gown, guests, lots of decorations etc)- We have different kinds of knowledge – se- Semantic knowledge o About words, notions, concepts- Encyclopaedic knowledge o Knowledge about the world - In this knowledge we can distinguish 2 kinds of knowledge: o Knowing THAT – the aardvark is mammal living in south Africa and makes burrows o Knowing HOW – makes sense by doing what we say we know Ex) know if someone can bake a cake… asking them might give us info but seeing them do it will really tell us (this is the distinction)- Talking about knowledge – he’s been presenting it like knowledge is to be found in individuals, but b/c we are social beings much knowledge is social- Things which are known are not well known by any individual – many circumstances where the knowledge emerges b/c people are talking to each other and exchange knowledge- Knowledge is distributed – it is done so differentially, some know some things others know other things… this is usually associated with socio-cultural differences- All these distinctions are needed in terms of understanding what’s happening- All of this is a set of generalities!...
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L18F18[1] - Lecture 17 Midterm Monday… Video This film...

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