L20M2 - Lecture (02/03/11) Knowledge continued - First...

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Lecture (02/03/11) Knowledge continued - First thing is to realize that knowledge is never a given – when people say that I see things the way they are… that’s an unrealistic way of speaking o We don’t see things the way they are o “Facts speak for themselves” – no they don’t, we speak about facts - Basically anything that is knowledge is from a particular viewpoint with a particular goal - In a strict sense there is no such thing as disinterested knowledge o It is b/c we have an interest in something which is why we produce knowledge - Animal behaviour and affordances – what is this animal interested in and this will tell us what it is likely to notice/pay attention to o We need to do the same thing in terms of understanding humans - How do we make sense of the world? o Notion of concept… it is a concept if we have a CLEAR criteria which allows us to decide whether something corresponds to that concept or not o We use all kinds of knowledge which is of that nature, much of the knowledge we can express verbally is of this nature o Means that in this case we delineate an idea on the basis of its boundaries – when you cross it you’re “out of it” - Majority of knowledge we have are not on the basis of those boundaries but on the center o Ex. We know a whale is a mammal b/c we can identify it by specific traits, which is why it’s not a fish o Used to think that whales were fish b/c there was a center established (cod is a perfect example of a fish) – it defines things but the periphery is very vague - State organization o Modern states are defined by their periphery – you cross borders, you need passports, we know what countries are/where they are o Traditional states didn’t have clear boundaries, they had clear centers – so the organizations were managed in a different way - Our default way of having notions is through prototypes - This makes sense b/c if we are going to understand how people know what they know we
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L20M2 - Lecture (02/03/11) Knowledge continued - First...

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