Indian and Settler Relationships with Natural Resources in New England

Indian and Settler Relationships with Natural Resources in New England

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Corn Bean Squash Complex- Corn Mother Derived from Idea that God created Man, then women, and their ancestors in the form of trees o Belief that Indians come from Nature, literally Provided daily sustenance Indians believed that they should always plant corn in the forest clearings o Mother Corn, whose spirit rests there, would watch over it Gender Roles: Men were hunters/builders o Women did everything else Planting Harvesting Cleared Fields with tools Gathered Nut/Berries Where responsible for Shifting cultivation, resulting in higher crop yield, and more sustainable ecological practices Women’s participation contributed to 85% of the Native-American Diet Fishing was a shared responsibility Women were biological and social reproducers o Would literally reproduce o Would pass on traditions, and skills to girls Boys taught to hunt by fathers. CBS and the Landscape:
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course ESPM 50AC taught by Professor Spreyer during the Fall '09 term at Berkeley.

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Indian and Settler Relationships with Natural Resources in New England

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