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Lecture 3 Reading and Notes

Lecture 3 Reading and Notes - Transportation has a direct...

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Lecture 3 Reading and Notes:  Transportation   has   a   direct   effect   on   hinterland   sizes,   and   globalization.   They   are  inversely proportional.  R/U= how many years we have left of a resource (R=Amount of Recourse, U=  How much we use) o 1919= only 14 years of Oil left o 1973= only 25 years of Oil left o 2000= only 40 years of Oil Left It is wrong to assume that R is always the same. We drill and find  new oil every year. We don’t actually know how much oil we have,  so that value isn’t R. R doesn’t equal the amount of oil in the  Earth’s crust. R=   How   much   oil   can   we   economically   recover   and  effectively use with present technology.  TO get more oil o We can find more o We can better extraction techniques Governments believe that they can tax hinterland commodities.  o This leads to higher transportation costs. This leads to smaller hinterlands It is now less efficient to trade overseas/internationally. o When oil increases: Leads to smaller hinterlands Communication History Until the 19 th  Century, transportation and communication were one and the same.  A messenger would carry a letter/or piece of paper the physical distance
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The two divorced in the 18 th  centaury o With Ship Signaling with flag colors/ships. o This leaves to the separation of the dependency communication  and transportation. o In the next several years, land posts would also use signaling to  communicate for military reasons. A message that would take 3  days by travel could be communicated by posts in a matter of  hours.
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