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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 3 Reading and Notes: Transportation has a direct effect on hinterland sizes, and globalization. They are inversely proportional. R/U= how many years we have left of a resource (R=Amount of Recourse, U= How much we use) o 1919= only 14 years of Oil left o 1973= only 25 years of Oil left o 2000= only 40 years of Oil Left It is wrong to assume that R is always the same. We drill and find new oil every year. We dont actually know how much oil we have, so that value isnt R. R doesnt equal the amount of oil in the Earths crust. R= How much oil can we economically recover and effectively use with present technology. TO get more oil o We can find more o We can better extraction techniques Governments believe that they can tax hinterland commodities. o This leads to higher transportation costs. This leads to smaller hinterlands It is now less efficient to trade overseas/internationally. o When oil increases: Leads to smaller hinterlands Communication History Until the 19 th Century, transportation and communication were one and the same. A messenger would carry a letter/or piece of paper the physical distance The two divorced in the 18 th centaury o With Ship Signaling with flag colors/ships. o This leaves to the separation of the dependency communication and transportation. o In the next several years, land posts would also use signaling to communicate for military reasons. A message that would take 3 days by travel could be communicated by posts in a matter of hours....
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- Fall '08