Lecture 22 - Introduction: China, Japan and India: China...

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Introduction: China, Japan and India: China Strong hierarchy system, and strong, strict leadership o Emperor, then chiefs of each region, then local leaders. Orders passed downwards, and information upwards. Leaders picked by examinations This system doesn’t work anymore. Classical problems cannot compare to modern problems. Based on Confucian ideas China has been the sphere of Asia for thousands of years China believed itself to be the middle kingdom Lasted this way until Opium war o Opium war makes way for chaos o Chinese Revolution occurs after the war Chinese Revolution: o Mao Zedong vs. Tzu-Tse-sung Communist Wins o New Economic Policy Country-side based, and collective farming Eventually a famine occurs China cannot change this because its entire economy is based on this How to modernize China??? (1970’s) o China used demonstration effects. (Follow what other country’s do) One by Soviet Union Visibly not working Socialism not working 3:1 economic gap between them and other WWII winners
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o They were once on equal footing after the war Force to modernize under Gorbechev o Glastnost: “Openness” Ment to open up other ideas o “Perestroika” Deregulated Economy Never get to see Perestroika, because Glasnost led to huge discontent in the
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Lecture 22 - Introduction: China, Japan and India: China...

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