Art research paper - 1 Claudia Reyes Rachel Danford...

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1 Claudia Reyes Rachel Danford November 23 , 2009 Reliquary of Madonna and Child with Saints by Lippo Vanni The work of art , Reliquary of Madonna and Child with Saints , Figure 1, was created around 1350-1359 during the Medieval Era in Italy . The art piece was made by Lippo Vanni , who was an Italian painter and manuscript illuminator and who was active around 1344-1376 in Italy . The materials that were use to make the work of art were tempera , gold leaf , wood and paper , and the piece functioned as a relic . Because it is a tree-paneled structure , the piece can be opened , by folding back the wings , and when it is , it is forty-nine centimeters high , forty-five point three centimeters in length , and five point nine centimeters in depth in the center panel . The piece , Reliquary of Madonna and Child with Saints , portrays how art was used to express the religious views of Christianity and how important holy figures , such as the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ , were revered through their renderings because they represented the divinity of God . The piece is a reliquary , which is a container of relics , which are objects of religious veneration , and the relics that this piece originally contained was set in the circular holes at the top and the bottom of the center panel that were covered with glass . The practice of retaining and preserving the relics of religious significance began at the end of the twelve century , and the relics were either a body , a part of the body , or some personal memorial of a saint , martyr , or other sacred person . These reliquaries were carried in processions , or worshipped during
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2 important feast of days of the liturgical year , and were set on top of places of worship . The piece is called a triptych because it has three panels that are connected by hinges and folded , and this structure was born in the Gothic Era with the creation of altarpieces . 1 Relics became an important part of a Christian church because the symbolized how divine figures came to be figures worthy of devotion and prayer , and the perseveration of the relics represents this . The materials used in making this piece were gold leaf , tempera , wood , and paper . The process of goldbeating where gold is hammered into really thin unbroken sheets was used , and these thin sheets of gold were used to gild , or cover the wooden structure to create the golden background , and to make the details of the halos that surround the heads of all the figures in the panels and of the robes 2 . Christ is covered in gold detail , seeming as if he is radiating light , and emphasizing that he is the most important figure in the whole piece . The use of gold throughout the whole piece represents the wealth and divinity of God because , since God is the Almighty , only the best of materials are suitable for the representations of Him .
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