chpt4 - MOS 2180 Share Individualism/Collectivism...

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MOS 2180
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Share Individualism/Collectivism - Individualistic societies tend to stress independence, individual initiative, and privacy. o U.S. and Canada - Collective cultures favour interdependence and loyalty to one’s family or clan. o Japan, South Korea Long-term/short-term orientation - Cultures with long-term orientation tend to stress persistence, perseverance, thrift, and close attention to status differences. o China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea - Cultures with short-term orientation stress personal steadiness and stability, face-saving, and social niceties. o U.S., Canada, Great Britain, Zimbabwe, Nigeria Exhibit 4.2 Implications of Cultural Variations Exporting OB Theories. - Organizational behaviour theories, research, and practices from North America might not translate well to other societies, even in Mexico. - Example, trying to translate lower power distance like giving employees more decision making wouldn’t fit well in a high power distance society. - In North America, it is normal to call attention to an individual’s accomplishment, where in some cultures that is devalued and it makes more sense to reward groups. - Integrating women into management positions in masculine cultures might require high sensitivity. - A good fit between a company’s practices and host culture is very important, Importing OB theories . - Using theories that are not North American, such as Japanese Management, such as quality circles, total quality management, and just-in-time production. - Problems importing these may stem from basic value differences between Japan and North America. - Since Japan has collective cultural values, they are more team oriented and submerging one’s own interest in those of the team is natural. - Although in North America and having more individualistic values, it is necessary to carefully select team members. - Exhibit 4.3 – Power distance and individualism values for various countries and regions. Appreciating Global Customers. - Appreciating cross-cultural differences in vales is essential to understanding the needs and tastes of customers or clients world wide. - Disneyland Paris not meeting French tastes in food, lifestyle, or entertainment - South Korea Samsung putting a calendar on their phone with one of the girls has a see through blouse. - Having awareness of diversity in ones own culture can boost profits, like some corporations in Canada, USA, and Australia by increasing their ethnic diversity. Developing Global Employees .
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- Companies need to select, train, and develop employees to have a much better appreciation of differences in cultural values and the implications of these differences for behaviour in organizations. - Japanese and Korean car makers having design studios in California, Robert Lutz who is high up in GM
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chpt4 - MOS 2180 Share Individualism/Collectivism...

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