Sociology 1020 Exam Notes

Sociology 1020 Exam Notes - Sociology 1020 December Exam...

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Sociology 1020 December Exam Notes Sociological Imagination: - Sociology is a different way of seeing the world. It concerns itself with theories about the social relations between individuals and groups of people within a particular society. Focuses on Patterned Group Behaviour , and external relationships between ppl/groups. Systematic study of social behaviour in human societies. - Goals of Sociology: DESCRIBE the social world, EXPLAIN how and why, CRITIQUE existing social arrangements. - Peter Berger: Sociology is “To see the general in the particular”. Identify general patterns in the behaviour of particular individuals. Categories: age, gender, ethnicity, class, religion etc. Society Acts: based on categories to which we belong. We all belong to categories. - Sociological Imagination by C. Wright Mills. 50s American Sociologist: In order for us to understand ourselves, ppl around us, issues in society, we need to use the sociological imagination. Use 3 levels on Analysis. - Biography (knowing the person, we all have unique biographies) – Human Agency (Ability to act) – MICRO - Milieu (Community, family, coworkers, friends, ppl you engage w/ everyday) – Gemeinschaft (from French Soc. Tonnies meaning sense of belonging) - History (society) – Society/Structures (structures like gender, we’re impacted based on the society we’re in) – MACRO - These 3 levels of analysis are used to examine situations, not just our empirical base. - Private Troubles vs. Public Issues. - Anthony Giddens – British Soc. & Structuration Theory: Structure impacts on your ability to act and vice verse, it is an infinite cycle. - Double Involvement of self in society: Products and Producers. Sociological Theories: - Sociologists seek to bring about change/equality. Create pressure on history/society. - Emergence of Sociology: 1838 – Auguste Comte said that it was a new way of looking at the world, a way to understand rapid social change. Around at the time of the enlightenment and French revolution. Coined: Positivism. - Positivism: it’s not enough to say the world should be like X. We have to understand the way the world is. Positivism is to study some phenomena and bring your sense to the observation. Sociologists do not study god because you cannot empirically study him. You can study the institution of religion but you cannot study god. - Sociological Perspectives: A perspective is like a lens or binoculars of how we see things or the ways in which we look at the world. - Theory: a statement of how and why certain facts are related. It acts as a lens to explain patterns. They’re based on theoretical paradigms (basic image of society guiding thinking and research aka a perspective). There are 4 Big Theoretical
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Paradigms: Structural Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Symbolic Interactionist, and Feminism. No one paradigm is better than another, however most ppl side with one or two of them. The use of all 4 perspectives provides a holistic view of social issues. -
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Sociology 1020 Exam Notes - Sociology 1020 December Exam...

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