Exam II Class 1 - ExamIIClass1 17:08 Physical...

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Exam II Class 1 17:08 Physical characteristics of communicators Universal Standards of Beauty? Nature o Innate standards for survival and reproduction. Nurture: o Parental and social communication o Media influences If you are attractive you are good, if you are not it’s bad. Airbrushing – they make your face look different. Bigger, Stronger, Faster Documentary (Male aspect) Body type: What do we consider attractive? Common features for both males and females o Symmetry of facial features (weak factor, weak correlation) o “Average” facial features (Langlois) – attractive to what you are used to seeing in your social community (Holds true to females more than the males) Features of Physically Attractive Females o Clear skin o Full lips o Large eyes o High cheekbones
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o High forehead o Small chin and nose o Lustrous hair o .7 Waist to Hip Ratio – WHR (Singh) Features of Physically Attractive Males o Strong chin/jaw o Prominent cheekbones o Large smile o Greater Height o Muscular (wide shoulders and low fat %) o Normal weight (BMI)
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17:08 Effects of Attractiveness What is beautiful is good – the halo effect: attractiveness = a lot of other positive qualities more job offers higher starting salaries more raises/ promotions get more attention more likely to get a second chance defendants receive more lenient sentences children like attractive teachers and vice versa Attractiveness and College Instructor Evaluations Had undergraduates rate attractiveness of professors and linked their answers to their end of the semester evaluations o Positive correlation between attractiveness and evaluation, not as strong for female instructors and upper division classes, but correlation is NOT causation. Qualification – some negative qualities o Perceived to be: Vain, egotistical, selfish, snobby, perceived to have more marital problems Attractiveness and Dating – not as important in friendships/marriages When we choose a partner we choose someone in matching attractiveness = matching hypothesis Facial resemblance Hypotheses - choose person with similar facial features – “average face” Qualification o Sometimes we go for the exotic person, sometimes we go for the person who is different. Evolutionary theory – females are looking for more resources, males are looking for attractive females to reproduce with. o More likely that an attractive female will pair up with an unattractive male Physical Attractiveness @ Work More likely be hired, higher salaries, raise, promotion Qualification – attractiveness can work against females in higher level jobs.
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Class 3 17:08 Effects of Attractiveness Physical attractiveness in persuasion More persuasive for short time request o More persuasive when initial impression are crucial to achieving influence Qualification… o For long term persuasion need to back attractiveness up with social skills Physical attractiveness and anti-social behavior
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Exam II Class 1 - ExamIIClass1 17:08 Physical...

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