Sept 28 2009 lecture - Review deTocqueville psychological...

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September 28, 2009 Review: deTocqueville : psychological despotism of the individual But American democracy, based on the belief in the equality of condition, has serious issues in how these principles were applied to the inhabitants of the United States. Specifically, how have we treated African- Americans, native Americans and women? A brief history of race in America . What was the Constitution’s original position on race? 1. 3/5 compromise for taxation and representation : Article I, section 2 specifies that members of the House of Representatives and "direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons." 2. Protection of the slave trade until 1808 . Article I, section 9 reflects the compromise on slavery in the new nation: "The migration or importation of such persons as
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