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September 30 draft - th Amendment Southern states enacted...

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September 30, 2009 Review: Slavery in the Constitution Missouri Compromise Dred Scott Decision Civil War Amendments: 13 th – abolished slavery nationwide (1865) 14 th – overturned the Dred Scott decision. Elevated US citizenship over state citizenship. Provided for due process and equal protection of the law (1868)** This is the amendment that southern states needed to pass to gain readmission into the union. http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi- bin/page.cgi/jb/recon/revised_1 15 th – right to vote for black males (1870) Reconstruction Era (1866-1877) – military occupation of the South meant to force southern state governments to honor the amendments. When troops withdrew, Reconstruction officially ended. However, other Supreme Court decisions (the Civil Rights Cases) indicated that private acts of discrimination were not covered by the 14
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Unformatted text preview: th Amendment Southern states enacted “Jim Crow laws.” They were designed to allow states and the private sector to segregate blacks and whites. Examples of Jim Crow laws: Legal segregation in public accommodations (lunch counters, water fountains, parks) Separate school systems Economic peonage (unfair wages for blacks) Violence against blacks (lynchings, KKK) Miscegenation (forbidding racial intermarriage) http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm Sense of Life under Jim Crow: Williams, p. 106-107 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) – Supreme Court sanctioned segregation in the “separate but equal” doctrine. The Court held that Louisiana’s law segregating races on railway cars did not violate the 13 th and/or 14 th amendments. The Supreme Court would not overturn Plessy until 1954....
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