Conceptual Overview- Geographical Standards of Inquiry

Conceptual Overview- Geographical Standards of Inquiry -...

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THE GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE IN THE STUDY OF HUMAN SOCIETY I. HIERARCHIES OF KNOWLEDGE: UNDERSTANDING  CRITICAL DISTINCTIONS WHICH DEFINE DISCIPLINES,  NATURAL SCIENCES     THE ARTS SOCIAL SCIENCES    HUMANITIES (Objective Approach) (Subjective Approach) (Quantitative Methods) (Qualitative Methods) *Social sciences use of the scientific method (observation,  generating a law or theory/paradigm) and other quantitative  methods (statistical analysis) in the systematic study of human  society. 1
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*Humanities use qualitative methods (archival, ethnographic and  field observation) in unraveling the full complexity of human  experience.  *Interdisciplinary nature of both the Social Sciences and  Humanities blur the boundaries of these disciplines and use all  methods of inquiry. II. GENERAL DEFINITIONS PERTAINING TO THE STUDY OF  HUMAN SOCIETY   CULTURE -1)  a.  the integrated pattern of human behavior that includes  thought, speech, action, and artifacts and depends upon people’s  capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding  generations; b .  the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of  a racial, religious, or social group; 2)  a . cultivation or tillage of a crop;  b .  cultivation of living material in prepared nutrient media; c .  the act of  developing the intellectual and moral faculties, esp. by education. SOCIETY -1)  a . an enduring and cooperating social group whose  members have developed organized patterns of relationships through  interaction with one another;   b . a community, nation, or broad grouping  of people having common traditions, institutions, and collective  activities and interests. 2
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ENVIRONMENT -1) the circumstances, objects, or conditions by  which one is surrounded; 2)  a.  the complex of climatic, edaphic, and  biotic factors that act upon an organism or an ecological community and  ultimately determine its form and survival;   b.  the aggregate of social  and cultural conditions that influence the life of an individual or  community. GEOGRAPHY
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course GUS 0821 taught by Professor Davidorgan during the Spring '11 term at Temple.

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Conceptual Overview- Geographical Standards of Inquiry -...

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