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History Final

History Final - Chapter 3 Greek 1 How did the Greeks...

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Chapter 3- Greek 1. How did the Greeks Eventually Fall? a. The Final Act i. The period of turbulent politics and war despite the achievements in literature, architecture, oratory and historical writing ii. Strive for “Common Peace” and “Fereralism” b. Struggle for Hegemony i. Sparta, Athens, and Thebes tried to create a Hegemony 1. Political ascendancy over the other states ii. Didn’t work because each major power wanted to be in charge iii. Sparta at War with Persia again (because didn’t give promised land) 1. Stalemate –first formal common peace a. Spartan king went against it and tried to attack places that didn’t defend against Sparta b. Attacked Thebes i. Thebes won and eliminated Sparta as major power c. Phillip of Macedonia i. King of Macedonia ii. Saw Athens as a threat to Macedonia 1. Pushed Athenians out of NW Agean 2. Army intimidated Athens and Sparta iii. Thebes and Athens became allies 1. Fought Phillip and lost a. Phillip=commander of Greece iv. End of classical Greek freedom 1. Because Greeks couldn’t get along, they fell to an invader v. Phillip united them with the common peace Chapter 4- Hellenistic Diffusion 1. What did the spread of Hellenism mean to the Greeks and the people of the Near East? a. Alexander the Great i. Spread Hellenism to India ii. Defeated Persia and went to India waged unnecessary war b. Alexander’s Legacy i. Debatable-philosopher or bloody autocrat ii. Founded new cities and colonies all throughout east c. Political Legacy i. Empire left up to 3 officers who split up land ii. Political fragmentation
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d. Cultural Legacy i. Left Macedonians and Greek veterans in cities to spread Hellenism 1. NOW GREEK SPEAKING 2. EAST LINKED TO WEST e. Spread i. Established kingdoms in new land ii. The king unified the people iii. Life in kingdom resembled Greek Life iv. Encouraged migration to these cities v. Kings refused to build polis 1. Didn’t want to give up power -Polis made all citizens equal Cities= Greeks had more power vi. Cities had Greek architecture and civilized society vii. Hellenistic city 1. Basic social and political unit of Hellenistic East 2. What did the meeting of East and West hold for the development if economics, religion, philosophy, women’s concerns, science, and medicine? a.
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History Final - Chapter 3 Greek 1 How did the Greeks...

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