preterito handout

preterito handout - ColomMena 1 I El Pretrito narrates an...

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Northwestern University Colom-Mena Colom-Mena I. El Pretérito: narrates an event or a series of events of the past. Pronoun -ar ending verbs -er ending verbs -ir ending verbs yo 1st person singular -aste -iste -iste él,ella, ud. 3rd person singular -ió -ió nosotros -amos -imos -imos ellos.ellas,Uds. -aron -ieron -ieron *Always have in mind that the first and third person singular forms have a written accent in the regular formations of the preterit tense. Absent Formation of regular preterits: II. Things you should know about the preterit : It narrates: a) Narrates completed actions in the past. b) A series of events in the past. c) Events that took place at a specific time in the past. d) Changes of physical or mental state. a) Ayer me tomé la medicina. b) Amanda llegó, se baño y encendió la tele. c) Clara llegó a las 7:00 de la mañana. d) Roy se sintió triste cuando sus padres se fueron. 1 1 Hablar yo habl é habl aste él,ella,usted habl ó nosotros habl amo s vosotros hal asteis ustedes,ellos,ellas habl aron Comer Vivir yo Com í viv í com iste viv iste él,ella,usted com viv nosotros com imos viv imos vosotros com isteis viv isteis ustedes,ellos,ellas com iero n viv iero n
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Northwestern University Colom-Mena Colom-Mena III. Irregular formations Preterits: all these stem changes occur un the 1 st person singular. Verbs ending in - car colo car bus car yo Colo- qu Bus- u Explic- aste Busc -aste él, ella, ud. Explic ó Explic- ó nosotros Explic- amos Explic- amos Vosotros Explica- asteis Explic- asties [email protected],ustedes Explic- aron Explic- aron Notice how: c →qu IV. Verbs ending in - gar pa gar Ju gar yo pa- gu Ju- gu Pag- aste Jug- aste él, ella, ud. Pag- ó Jug- ó nosotros Pag- asteis Jug- asteis Vosotros Pag- amos Jug -amos [email protected],ustedes Pag- aron Jug- aron Notice how the: g→gu V. Verbs ending in - zar alcan zar Empe zar yo Alcan- c Empe- c Alcanz aste Empez aste él, ella, ud. Alcanz ó empez ó nosotros Alcanz amos empez amos Vosotros Alcanz astei s empez astei s [email protected],ustedes Alcanz aron empez aron Notice how the: z→c VI. Verbs that change from i→y Verbs ending in a vowel when the infinitive
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preterito handout - ColomMena 1 I El Pretrito narrates an...

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