Exam 1 Review - Exam 1 Review Fall 2010 TERMS DEFINITION...

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Exam 1 Review Fall 2010 TERMS DEFINITION RELATIONSHIPS TO OTHER TERMS “REAL WORLD” APPLICATION Psychology The science of behavior and mental processes Humanistic Psychology Historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for personal growth (rebelled against Freudian psychology and behaviorism) Prediction Researchers attempt to identify relationships between variables in order to predict future events 1 of the 4 goals of research Predicting marriage satisfaction Description Researchers define, classify, and catalogue events and their relationships 1 of the 4 goals of research How many human personality traits exist. (OCEAN) Understanding When researchers seek to understand the causes of behavior 1 of the 4 goals of research Application Researchers seek to disseminate their work so it can be used to improve the lives of others 1 of the 4 goals of research
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Descriptive Look below 1 of 3 basic study designs Correlational –To detect naturally occurring relationships; assess how well one variable predicts another 1 of 3 basic study designs Using a survey Experimental Look below 1 of 3 basic study designs Theories Logically organized ideas that attempt to explain phenomena Hypotheses Testable predictions, often implied by a theory Smaller in scope than a theory/more specific If, then statements Operational definitions A procedure used to define concept(s) under examination “What is happiness?” Independent variables What is manipulated, varied, or controlled in order to examine its effect on other variables Dependent variable The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable Experimental group In an experiment, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable One group receives a drug Control group In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatment; contrasts with the experimental group and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment One group the receives a placebo Ethics: Debriefing, cost-benefit analysis, and institutional review board Problem: Is it possible that some students who write about their feelings may have an
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adverse reaction? If so, should you continue and conduct the experiment? Experimental design Explores cause-effect relationships There are 3 types Double-blind Neither experimenter nor subject knows the experimental group 1 of 3 types of experimental designs Control and experimental Uses a control and experimental and compares 1 of 3 types of experimental designs Random assignment Subjects have equal chance of being in experimental or control 1 of 3 types of experimental designs Descriptive design: To observe and record behavior There are 3 methods Anthropology
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Jogmen during the Fall '08 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Exam 1 Review - Exam 1 Review Fall 2010 TERMS DEFINITION...

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