Exam 2 Review - EXAM 2 REVIEW FALL 2010 TERMS Piagets...

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EXAM 2 REVIEW FALL 2010 TERMS DEFINITION “REAL WORLD” APPLICATION Piaget’s Stages of Development: Sensorimotor In Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities; This is why babies are looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping things Have stranger anxiety Have object permanence Preoperational In Piaget’s theory, the stage (from 2 to about 6 or 7 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic; lack logical reasoning, but have imagination Pretend play Egocentrism Language development Concrete Operational (from age 7 to 11) Children can think logically about concrete events like math Conservation Mathematical formulas Formal Operational (age 12+) Youth can think abstractly (e.g. who am I) Abstract logic Potential for mature moral reasoning Freud’s stages: Oral (0-18 months) Hunger drive leads us directly to mother and belief in goodness of the world; pleasure centers on the mouth—sucking, biting, chewing Anal (18-36 months) Desire to be competent leads us to want to be potty trained like adults; pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with the demands for control
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EXAM 2 REVIEW FALL 2010 Phallic (3-6 years) Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with the incestuous sexual feelings; desire for exclusive relationship with your mother leads us to want to replace the father Latency (6-puberty) Dormant sexual feelings; boy renounces love for mother and finds comfort in relationships outside of the family (male friendships) Genital (puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests; puberty sets in and boy returns to interest in female world Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man: Infancy (0-1 years) Trust vs. Mistrust; if needs are dependably met, infants develop a basic sense of trust Toddlerhood (1 to 3 years) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt; Toddlers learn to exercise their will and do things for themselves or doubt their abilities Preschool (3 to 6 years) Initiative vs. guilt; preschoolers learn to initiate tasks and carry out plans , or they feel guilty about their efforts to be independent Elementary School (6 years to puberty) Industry vs. inferiority; Children learn the pleasure of applying themselve s to tasks or they feel inferior Adolescence (Teen years into 20s) Identity vs. role confusion; teenagers work at a sense of refining a sense of self by testing roles and integrating them to form a single identity or they become confused about who they are
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EXAM 2 REVIEW FALL 2010 Young Adulthood (20s to early 40s) Intimacy vs. isolation; young adults struggle to form close relationships and to gain capacity for intimate love, or they feel socially isolated Middle Adulthood (40s to 60s) Generativity vs. Stagnation; in middle age, people discover a sense of contributing
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Jogmen during the Fall '08 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Exam 2 Review - EXAM 2 REVIEW FALL 2010 TERMS Piagets...

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