EXAM II REVIEW

EXAM II REVIEW - EXAM II REVIEW SECTION 1 1. Melting Pot...

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EXAM II REVIEW SECTION 1 1. Melting Pot and Diversity a. Melting pot: i. Becoming one ii. We “melt” into the “American” b. Diversity: i. Recognizes differences ii. Retains some culture 2. Nativism and Patriotism a. Nativism: i. Loyalty to, pride in, love of the US ii. BUT: 1. Distrust of foreign influence 2. Born in the US b. Patriotism i. Loyalty to, pride in, love of the US SECTION 2 1. Frederick Douglass’ answer to his “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” a. When? 1852 i. Time leading up to the Civil War ii. Lots of tension between North and South iii. Slavery is prevalent b. What? i. Who? Frederick Douglass 1. A self-educated, runaway slave ii. Where? Rochester, New York iii. Why? To point out the hypocrisy of celebrating the 4 th of July when not all men in the US are free 1. Uses the word “your” a lot 2. Honors the ideals of the founding fathers, but points out the hypocrisy iv. Why #2? To point out how slavery is so obviously wrong 1. It is against Christian teachings (Exodus) 2. Points out that everyone knows that slaves are men and owners know this especially: a. Laws are passed to keep them in line b. A human being would follow these laws c. Would the government create laws to prevent a horse to read? NO! And yet, it is still illegal to teach slaves to read. v. Why #3? Therefore if a slave is a man, they are entitled to liberty. c. Significance: Douglass, a black, educated, former slave, is speaking to a white audience about the hypocrisy of “their" nation. Douglass makes this astounding argument in Rochester, NY, a northern state, in a time before the Civil War. This speech may have fueled tensions between the North and South.
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2. 13 th Amendment a. When? 1865 i. Civil war is over ii. Republicans looking at ways to reconstruct b. What? Amendment that abolished slavery i. Who? America ii. Where? America iii. Why? To abolish slavery c. Significance: A giant free labor workforce is now gone, which negatively affected the economy, especially that of the South. Also changed America socially and culturally now that the slaves are free. 3. 14 th Amendment a. When? 1868 b. What? Amendment that allows all persons born in the US to be citizens and guarantees citizens equal protection of the law i. Who? America ii. Where? America iii. Why? To allow those born in the US to be citizens and give citizens protection c. Significance : Now all people, no matter what color, who are born in the US are
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EXAM II REVIEW - EXAM II REVIEW SECTION 1 1. Melting Pot...

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