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Rape Trauma - Post-traumatic Stress Disorder(PSTD Major...

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    Psychology and Law Rape Trauma Syndrome
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    Rape prevalence Hard to get good data 1998 CDC said 1 in 6 American women will  be victim of rape or attempted rape in lifetime US very high rate compared to other  countries Highest between 15 and 25 years of age Acquaintance rape – 75%? Role of pornography
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    Rape Trauma Syndrome  (RTS) Burgess and Holmstrom defined Acute crisis phase (days or weeks) Shaking or trembling Racing heart Pain Tight muscles Rapid breathing numbness
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    Responses Denial, shock, disbelief Disruption (sleeping, eating) Guilt, hostility, blame Helplessness or dependency Distorted perceptions, distrust,  pessimism, paranoia
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    Long-term Reactions Phobias (classical conditioning) Disturbances in general functioning Sexual problems Changes in lifestyle, moving, new job
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Unformatted text preview: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) Major: repeated experiencing (e.g., intrusive thoughts, nightmares) Major: Psychic numbing At least two of: Difficulty falling or staying asleep Irritability or outbursts of anger Hypervigilance Difficulty concentrating Exaggerated startle response Physiological reactivity to symbols Rape myths Women cannot be raped against their will Women secretly wish to be raped Most accusations are false Admissibility of RTS in court Courts all over the place, some say yes, some say no Generally say yes if to say RTS is generally accepted response to rape Generally say no if goal is to prove a rape happened...
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