Risk Assesment

Risk Assesment - Psychology and Law Risk Assessment 3 types...

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Psychology and Law Risk Assessment
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3 types of predictive schemes 1. Clinical prediction 2. Actuarial Prediction 3. Anamnestic prediction
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Actuarial beats clinical Why? Why hard to believe that?
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Predicting dangerousness Phase 1 Baxstrom v Herold, 1974, SC decision that can’t hold mentally ill beyond criminal sentence without safeguards afforded for involuntary commitment 967 people released Only 2 reconvicted of violent crime after 5 years
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Monahan review At best, 1 in 3 predictions are accurate
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Why are Psychologists and Psychiatrists allowed to testify, if their predictions are so weak? Barefoot v Estelle (1983) Texas SC decided can’t keep psychiatric testimony out Psychiatrists/Psychologists at worse, no worse than anyone else But they are testifying as experts!
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Phase 2, switch to Risk Assessment Continuum instead of dichotomy Public health issue approach With multiple predictors, “moderate to good” risk assessments
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 372 taught by Professor Heath during the Spring '11 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Risk Assesment - Psychology and Law Risk Assessment 3 types...

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