Psych Powerpoints

Psych Powerpoints - Early Developments in the History of...

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Early Developments in the History of Psychology The Ancient Greeks: The beginnings of the nature-nurture debate: are cognitive abilities and personality characteristics inborn (nativism) or are they acquired through experience (empiricism)? . Plato (428-347 B.C.) In keeping with his teacher, Socrates, he argued that certain kinds of knowledge and ability (the use of language) are inborn. Plato was a nativist. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) The student of Plato and the father of science using empirical methods. He argued that all knowledge is acquired through experience. Aristotle was an empiricist.
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The 17th century: The nature-nurture debate continues . Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Dualist (mind and body are independent entities) and a nativist (innate ideas of the self, God, mathematics) but treated the body as a machine. John Locke (1632-1704) Empiricist, tabula rasa (blank slate, scraped tablet). Nature- nurture debate.
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Descartes
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Concordance Rates in Schizophrenia
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Do human infants have the same depth perception as adults? (Nature) If not, at what point in their development do they acquire depth perception?
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Psychologists step up to answer the question with the famous Visual Cliff apparatus. Eleanor Gibson and R.D. Walk (1960 and prior)
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Results: Human infants will not crawl over the visual cliff after 6 months of age, but they will at earlier ages. Conclusion: Depth perception is not innate. It is acquired through experience AND maturation .
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The Beginnings of Scientific Psychology 1879, Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) establishes the first Psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany. Pioneers the use of introspection . Wundt was a student of Hermann von Helmholtz and also carried on his studies of reaction time (“mental chronometry”). In America, at Cornell University, Edward Titchener
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Boyle during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Psych Powerpoints - Early Developments in the History of...

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