Chap 6 operant rev S10

Chap 6 operant rev S10 - Operant Conditioning Operant...

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Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning - the learning of voluntary behavior through the effects of pleasant and unpleasant consequences to responses. Thorndike’s Law of Effect - law stating that if a response is followed by a pleasurable consequence, it will tend to be repeated, and if followed by an unpleasant consequence, it will tend not to be repeated. Menu
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Skinner’s Contribution Behaviorist; wanted to study only observable, measurable behavior. Gave “operant conditioning” its name. Operant - any behavior that is voluntary. Learning depends on what happens after the response — the consequence. Menu
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Shaping Shaping - the reinforcement of simple steps in behavior that lead to a desired, more complex behavior. Successive approximations - small steps in behavior, one after the other, that lead to a particular goal behavior. Menu
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Reinforcement Reinforcement - any event or stimulus, that when following a response, increases the probability that the response will occur again. Primary reinforcer
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Boyle during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Chap 6 operant rev S10 - Operant Conditioning Operant...

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