Chap 12 Personality rev S09

Chap 12 Personality rev S09 - Three Perspectives in the...

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Three Perspectives in the Study of Personality Psychoanalytic Trait Measuring Personality Menu
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Founder of the psychoanalytic movement in psychology. Europe during the Victorian age. Men were understood to be unable to control their “animal” desires at times, and a “good” Victorian husband would father several children with his wife and then turn to a mistress for sexual comfort, leaving his virtuous wife untouched. Women, especially those of the upper classes, were not supposed to have sexual urges. This is the socio-cultural backdrop for Freud’s theory. Menu
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Key Concepts in Psychoanalytic Theory The structure of consciousness: Conscious, Preconscious, Unconscious The structure of personality: Id, Ego, Superego Pleasure Principle vs. Reality Principle
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Levels of Consciousness Preconscious mind - level of the mind in which information is available but not currently conscious. Conscious mind - level of the mind that is aware of immediate surroundings and perceptions. Unconscious mind - level of the mind in which thoughts, feelings, memories, and other information are kept that are not easily or voluntarily brought into consciousness. Menu
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Freud’s Theory: Parts of Personality Id - part of the personality present at birth and completely unconscious. Libido - the instinctual sexual and aggressive energy that may come into conflict with the demands of a society’s standards for behavior. Pleasure principle
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Chap 12 Personality rev S09 - Three Perspectives in the...

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