anth102_notes_020810

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Week 4: Culture and Politics; The Nation-State and  Globalization 08/02/2010 21:19:00 Chapter 3.: Globalization, Neoliberalism, and the Nation-State What is Globalization? Globalization:  To make something global in scope * Accelerated (speeded up) movement of  goods capital  and  people * A trend toward  increased flow  of goods, services, money, people, and ideas across  national borders and the subsequent integration of the global economy.  Globalization occurs in several levels  Global movement of international money (capital), products, ideas, images, cultural  practices, people (immigrants, refugees, tourists, laborers) Global connections through new technologies of transportation   and communication   o We can take a plane to other countries no problem o Used to be where old immigrants would sometimes never see their family  again when they left o You see things such as music spreading across cultures much more now  than before Globalization as a  World System  of  economic interconnections  is defined in  market terms  and links nations and people  economically   o Not all of us move through borders was well as others o Usually it is easier for money, etc., to go across borders than people ********************************************** What is a sweatshop?
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A shop or factory in which employees work long hours at low wages under poor  conditions. o Workers are extremely exploited, many of our things are made in these  conditions without us paying any attention or realizing it US Department of Labor : A sweatshop is any factory that violates more than one of the  fundamental US labor laws, which include paying a minimum wage and keeping a time card,  paying overtime, and paying on time. Some workers work for 24 hour shifts Sometimes they need naps to get ready for the next shift Sweatshops do exist in the US as well but they are all underground and they can  actually get into trouble for it ************************************************** Pros and Cons of Overseas Production Arguments in support of overseas production lowers manufacturing costs Reduces prices to consumers Ultimately strengthens the U.S. economy.  Counter-arguments :   Competing with unregulated manufacturing in poor countries Costs Americans jobs Depresses U.S. wages and working standards Exploits workers overseas.  ***********************************************
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Cultural meaning of happiness and well-being o In our society we see money as happiness because we can buy more things  Each culture has a material symbol or activity that is important in life and is needed 
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course ANTH 102 taught by Professor Kalantary during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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anth102_notes_020810 -...

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