anth102_notes_022310

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Week 6: The Social and Cultural Construction of Reality 23/02/2010 12:20:00 Chapter 4 Robbins Understanding beliefs People began thinking questions such as where did I come from Religion according to Edward Taylor People needed basic explanations for things such as death or dreaming Basically needed to explain the unknown and make it known Dead vs sleeping: both unresponsive but only one wakes up again Word breath and soul are similar in many languages Emile Durkheim He examined ancient societies of indigenous people to find out beliefs and  such They all made special ways of explaining things to make the world make  more sense to them Totemism Totem= symbol for group or clan Worshiped as sacred People worship totems as representatives of the group, like they are  worshipping themselves
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People worship their society by worshipping these gods Malinowski People turn to gods to help shape things beyond their own control Freud People worship god as a father type figure Understanding beliefs Early writers approached these things as explaining mistaken beliefs Basically everyone else is wrong, but you are going to explain why they are  wrong and why they are not right like yourself Vocab reflects social and physical environment of the people that use it Ex: Inuits had many words related or describing snow, their environment  consisted of mostly snow Environment shapes language Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Two dominant types of sentences o Predicate type: the book is green o Action type: Sally runs
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We speak of time as an object or thing, as if we can isolate it o I will study for 3 hours Different people have different ways to view and formulate the world Metaphors We use metaphors to explain and interpret different aspects of life Most societies use domains and centers in their lives that they transcribe into  metaphors applied to everyday life For example: Kwakwaka’wakw o They use idea of food and eating in their society like we use war and  fighting in ours These are called Dominant or Key Metaphors The Tarot Tarot cards used to tell people their future They mean different things etc based on events people etc Symbolic actions Activities depict meaning as shared by a group of people Dorothy meets Luke Skywalker Coming of age Progressing story of hero going from naïve to mature etc Religious views
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Snake handlers If you get bitten they say it was lack of protection by god for whatever reason
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course ANTH 102 taught by Professor Kalantary during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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anth102_notes_022310 -...

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