Marx Outline - PHIL 182 Spring 2011 Ruane MARX I. SPECIES...

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PHIL 182 Spring 2011 Ruane MARX I. SPECIES BEING Texts: “Alienated Labor,” pp. 62-64; Excerpt Notes of 1844, pp. 45-46, 50-53; “Critique of Hegelian Dialectic and Philosophy in General,” pp. 87-88; Capital, Ch. 7, “The Labor Process,” pp. 274-82. A. Nature: Humanity's Inorganic Body 1. Life as a relation between organisms and their environment. 2. Humans distinct from non-human animals. a) Consciousness b) Labor (objectification) c) Universality d) Freedom e) Social relations – a discovery! B. Free Human Production, p. 50-53 Firstly, in creating something, I objectify myself (my powers and inclinations) in the course of its creation. In other words, I experience myself reflected back in the sensuous object I created, and experience it as an affirmation of my power to create. I enjoy myself in the course of this, as I am naturally inclined to create things. Secondly, in your use of the thing I created, I satisfy a need of yours which, as a need, is something essential to your nature. Thirdly, in creating a thing that satisfies your need, I mediate between you and the species, completing your nature, and I know myself to be confirmed in your thought and appreciation. We both recognize your need, its satisfaction, and my being directly responsible for its satisfaction, as
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Marx Outline - PHIL 182 Spring 2011 Ruane MARX I. SPECIES...

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