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Midterm Study Guide- Great Islamic Thinkers

Midterm Study Guide- Great Islamic Thinkers - Loyola...

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Loyola University of Chicago Introduction to Islam – 195-002 Final Examination Study Guide Fall 2010 Professor Azam Nizamuddin Terminology Islam – submission/ name of religion muslim – one who submits ihsan – beauty / perfection / goodness iman – belief/creed mu`min – on who believes din/deen – religion shirk – assigning partners to God al-akhira – the Hereafter ummah – the community of believers jihad – struggle (spiritual struggle or a declaration of war) fatwa - legal opinion madhab- legal school of thought (ex. Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi`i, Hanbali, or Jafari) sharia – the path to the watering hole or Islamic legal system or law tauhid or tawheed– Unity or oneness of God (i.e. Islamic monotheism) shahada – testification of faith ; “there is no God but Allah, Md is his messenger” tasawwuf- the science of being close to God; Sufism or Islamic mysticism dhikr - rememberance of God or meditation madrasa – college of law 1
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sahaba – the companions of the prophet Muhammad sunna - the way or the example of Prophet Muhammad nafs - the inner or mystical aspect rasul or rasool – a messenger of God hijra – the emigration of the Muslims from Mecca to Median in 622 epistemology – the theory or philosophy of knowledge eschatology - a field which looks at death, and the Hereafter and salvation. orthodoxy - Correct Opinion or belief heterodoxy – Variant opinion- views and opinion at odds with the mainstream. heresy - Holding an opinion directly in contrast to established doctrine and belief. Concept of God/ deity Tauheed – the concept of God and unity of God Shirk – assigning partners or associating things with God; the  greatest and most unforgivable sin in Islam.  Signs – how we discover God’s works & divine acts Attributes – names of God /  how we know God. 7 main attributes  1. Transcendence 2. Life and Power 3. Knowledge 4. Will 5. Hearing and Sight 6. Speech 2
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7. Works The Concept of Prophecy in Islam  - How we know God God sends prophets and messengers to humanity Rasul  - God’s messenger with divine revelation or a new law Nabi – God’s prophet sunna – the prophetic paradigm or the way of the Prophet Md. The temporal world and the Afterlife / Salvation dunya – this life or the material world justice - `adl  al-akhira – the afterlife or the Hereafter  Islamic Eschatology  Death Al-Akhira – the Hereafter Al Qiyama – the Resurrection Jannat – paradise Jahanam – Hell 3
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intercession Why the Afterlife ? 1) the quality of human being’s actions must be judged because  fairness cannot be solely based upon what happens in this life.  2) There needs to be some end-all, clear purpose in life so that  mankind knows what it is striving toward. 
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