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Unformatted text preview: Introduction • Britain industrialized first; in 1800s it spread to North Western Europe and North America • Today: Europeans development and why Britain lost the industrial lead by the turn of the 20 th century 1. Europe’s Economic Development- Population • began increasing mid-1700s, grew faster in 1800s • 1800 – 187 million, 1850 – 266 million, 1900 – 401 million • population growth not always connected to industrialization, e.g. Russia o external migration 1815-1914, 60 million people left Europe, more than half went to the United States o Internal migration: Rural to urban- Agriculture • production increased in 19 th Century (expanding cultivation and applying scientific knowledge/technology) o industrialization therefore affected the countryside as much as it affected the cities- Natural Resource • coal was the most important natural resources during the industrialization • it had two main purposes: o steam engines o supplied blast furnaces • countries without coal had to rely on its importation and had to use water and wind power • late 19 th Century hydro electricity-Transportation •...
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- Fall '10
- Industrial Revolution, Bri tain