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Unformatted text preview: Introduction Britain industrialized first; in 1800s it spread to North Western Europe and North America Today: Europeans development and why Britain lost the industrial lead by the turn of the 20 th century 1. Europes Economic Development- Population began increasing mid-1700s, grew faster in 1800s 1800 187 million, 1850 266 million, 1900 401 million population growth not always connected to industrialization, e.g. Russia o external migration 1815-1914, 60 million people left Europe, more than half went to the United States o Internal migration: Rural to urban- Agriculture production increased in 19 th Century (expanding cultivation and applying scientific knowledge/technology) o industrialization therefore affected the countryside as much as it affected the cities- Natural Resource coal was the most important natural resources during the industrialization it had two main purposes: o steam engines o supplied blast furnaces countries without coal had to rely on its importation and had to use water and wind power late 19 th Century hydro electricity-Transportation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course MOS 1803 taught by Professor Gogan during the Fall '10 term at UWO.
- Fall '10