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November 6, 2007

November 6, 2007 - The Opium Trade Intro o East India...

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The Opium Trade Intro o East India Company Traded Pepper Saltpeter Cotton Silk Indigo Jute Porcelain Tea Opium o Monopoly in India until 1813; China until 1833 o Trade in Opium Poppy Reduces pain and induces relaxation Habitual use leads to mental or physical deterioration Originated in modern day Turkey 17 th and 19 th century widespread use for medicinal and recreational use linked economy of India, China and Britain Canton System o Mid 1700s – Mid 1800s: Canton Guangzhou Traded only at this port with numerous restrictions Confined to small area outside city walls No wives/families permitted Could only trade with Cohong merchants (guild authorized by state to trade with foreigners) – only 13 Banned from carrying firearms and subject to Chinese laws Had to pay fees o Wanted to limit European access to protect culture and businesses o Two problems for Europeans:
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