chapter2 - CHAPTER 2 THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Learning...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 2 THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Learning Objectives What are the basic issues in human development? Where does each major theorist Freud, Erikson, Skinner, Bandura, Piaget, Vygotsky, and Gottlieb stand on each of these issues? What is a Theory? What is an example of a theory? What makes that a good theory? Theories of Human Development Theory: Ideas proposed to describe/explain certain phenomena Organizes facts/observations Guides collection of new data Should be internally consistent Falsifiable: Hypothesis can be tested Supported by data Other Assumptions About Human Nature Nature/Nurture : Heredity or environment most influential? Active/Passive Development: Self determination or by others Continuity/Discontinuity : Stages or gradual change Universal/Context Specific Development Group Work Describe your assigned Theory Name Stages (if applicable) and ages Main Idea, how was it new? Key terms Where does this theory stand on each of the assumptions about human nature? Strengths Weaknesses Freud Psychoanalytic/Psychosexual Erikson Psychosocial Skinner Conditioning Bandura Social Cognitive Theory (Modeling) Piaget Cognitive Development Freud: Psychoanalytic Theory Instincts and unconscious motivation Id , Ego , and Superego formed from psychic energy ( Libido ) Id: Instinctual nature of humans Ego: Rational and objective Superego: Internalized moral standards Dynamic system : Regular conflicts within Freud: Psychosexual Theory Fixation on Certain Body Parts Oral (Birth 1 year) Anal (1 3 years)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course ECON 306 taught by Professor Cramton during the Spring '06 term at Maryland.

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chapter2 - CHAPTER 2 THEORIES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Learning...

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