art midterm study guide

art midterm study guide - 12:07:00 figurativeart/...

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Abstract Expressionism and Minimalism 19/10/2009 12:07:00 Abstract Expressionism Movement  characterized by artists wanting to disregard  figurative art/ social realism cause they wanted their art to be a form of SELF  EXPRESSION  Influenced by surrealism/symbolism/expressionism/cubism differered from modernism cause it sterred AWAY from geometric  abstractions The movement comprised many styles but shared several characteristics.  The works were usually abstract  o Mostly painters, but sometimes seen in sculptures. Abstract  expressionists’ work varies a lot so its hard to give its style a consistent  definition linked by varying degrees of abstraction used to convey strong  emotional or expressive content Two Main Types Colour Field Painters:  Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still worked  with simple, unified blocks of colour. Gestural Painters:  Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning and Hofmann used  Surrealist techniques of automatic art. it was essentially a reaction against the formal overkill and pretentiousness of  Abstract Expressionism. Minimalism gave rise to process art, land art, performance art, conceptual art,  and installation art.
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Minimalism   characterized by being simple and to the point. Artists tried to  focus attention on the object as an object, reducing its historical and expressive content  to the bare minimum.  Many minimalist artists were sculptors concerned with reducing form to its  utmost simplicity. They used flat surface colors, factory finishes, and industrial  materials. The use of serial repetitions contributed to their goal.  Artists did not see their art as a form of self expression
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Pop Art 19/10/2009 12:07:00 Term was coined by british critic Laurence Alloway the pop art movement sparked a widespread appreciation for art, thus creating a  cultural shift from a period of abstract expressionism in which art was confined to the  elitist.  pop art, which is essentially art based on popular culture. This genre  differentiates from previous art forms through its obvious depictions of people,  objects and symbols typically found in popular culture. This, in tandem with its  simplistic, eye-catching nature, allows for pop art to appeal to everyone in that  it requires no interpretation. As a result of its mass appeal, pop art quickly  became a mass-produced part of mainstream society.
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