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Chap 13 lecture notes NO PPT

Chap 13 lecture notes NO PPT - Chapter 13 Psychological...

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Chapter 13- Psychological Disorders Time prevents us from covering all of the major classes of disorders (not to mention the hundreds of individual disorders), so we will discuss the history, diagnosis, and etiology of mental illness in general and will then review some of the most common classes of disorders (anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, and personality disorders). We will review the five classes in general and discuss several specific disorders in each class While discussing symptoms, everyone will recognize aspects of themselves reflected in these disorders. This is a normal reaction to this material. Keep in mind that to qualify for a disorder, your symptoms must be severe enough to significantly affect your daily activities and the quality of your life. You may or may not have a mental disorder- only a doctor or a licensed therapist can diagnose this. The good news is that if you do, you are certainly not alone. Mental illness is much more common than most think. If this topic and the next chapter (treatment of disorders) interests you, then you should consider taking abnormal psychology Identifying Psychological Disorders: What Is Abnormal? Psychological (or mental) disorders - symptoms reflecting abnormalities of the mind. Seems easily defined but not so easy to identify. To qualify as a mental disorder, thoughts, feelings, and emotions must be persistent, harmful to the person experiencing them, and uncontrollable. Approximately 40% of people will develop some type of mental disorder during the course of their lives. After cardiovascular disease, mental disorders are the second-greatest contributor to a loss of years of healthy life The idea of a psychological disorder is a relatively recent invention. People who act strangely or report bizarre thoughts or emotions have been known since ancient times, but their difficulties were often understood in the context of religion or the supernatural. In some cultures and religious traditions, madness is still interpreted as possession by animal spirits or demons, as enchantment by a witch or shaman, or as God’s punishment for sin and wrongdoing. Prior to the 20 th century, the most common treatment for mental illness was religious exorcism of some sort. In many societies, including our own, people with mental abnormalities have commonly been treated as criminals—punished, imprisoned, or put to death for their “crime” of deviating from the normal. Psychological disorders have been feared and ridiculed (often referred to as “madness” or “craziness”), and people with mental problems have often been victims of grave maltreatment. It is still commonly assumed that most people 1
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with mental illness will stick out due to bizarre or dangerous behavior and even physical deformity or unsightliness (ugliness). Most with psychological disorders are indistinguishable from others and behave quite normally. It is very likely you know multiple individuals with
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