Chap 14 student lecture notes

Chap 14 student lecture notes - Chapter 14- Treatment of...

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Chapter 14- Treatment of Psychological Disorders There are nearly 500 methods of treatment for psychological disorders, with the goal of changing a person’s thoughts, behaviors, emotions, or coping skills. In this chapter we will explore the most common approaches to psychological treatment. Psychotherapy is built on the major theories of the causes and cures of disorders— psychoanalytic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic/existential theories. We’ll also review medical and biological approaches to treatment that focus on understanding the brain’s role in disorders. Finally, we will discuss treatment efficacy - does it work, and if so, how? Treatment: Getting Help to Those Who Need It Three major obstacles can prevent successful treatment: People may not recognize that treatment is needed, they may not be able or willing to get treatment, and they may not even know if anything can be done- we’ll examine these one at a time Why People Need Treatment 20% of the population (one in five) have some type of mental disorder at any given time 70% of these individuals will NOT receive treatment Treatment motivation is tied into personal, social, and financial costs of disorders Personal costs - disorders interfere with normal functioning in a variety of ways (emotional instability, stress, indecision, motivational impairment, reduced behavioral output, self-loathing, low self- confidence); without treatment, symptoms frequently worsen Social and financial costs – social impairment of mental illness is similar to that of chronic terminal medical illness; impairment of family life, ability to work, maintenance of friendships and relationships, ability to complete normal activities requiring social interaction (going to the bank or store); estimated US annual financial burden of anxiety disorders alone is $42 billion ($1500 per patient in lost wages due to diminished productivity and absenteeism at work. .. that’s 28 million with anxiety disorders) Why People Cannot or Will Not Seek Treatment- we regularly go to medical doctors but rarely go to “mental” doctors People may not believe the disorder needs treatment- not taken as seriously as a medical illness People may believe the problem is not that bad and they should handle it themselves- part of the stigma of mental illness is that mental illness can be solved by “mind over matter” (if you can’t fix it yourself, then you’re weak-minded). .. families tend to support this belief (perhaps for fear of embarrassment) Barriers that limit access to treatment include poor treatment options or unavailability of providers, waiting lists for treatment, insurance issues and financial limitations, and gender and cultural issues (men and minorities are much less likely to receive treatment than women and whites) People may not know enough about treatment to be able to get it- confusion or lack of knowledge where to go 1
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Personal belief system may be a barrier to treatment itself
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 2003 taught by Professor Swanner during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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Chap 14 student lecture notes - Chapter 14- Treatment of...

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