PSYC 2003 student outline Chapter 1

PSYC 2003 student - Chapter 1 Psychology The Evolution of a Science Psychologys Roots-Psychologys definition mind behavior defined-Important

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Chapter 1 Psychology: The Evolution of a Science Psychology’s Roots - Psychology’s definition mind & behavior defined - Important questions What are the bases of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings, or our subjective sense of self? How does the mind usually allow us to function effectively in the world? Why does the mind occasionally function so ineffectively in the world? Psychology’s Roots—The Great Philosophers - Plato (428 BC–347 BC) argues for nativism innate knowledge - Aristotle (384 BC–322 BC) and “tabula rasa” philosophical empiricism - Descartes (1596–1650) – dualism pineal gland - Phrenology – takes “Gall” (1758–1828) mapping the mind? 1
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Psychology’s Roots—Biology Matters - Pierre Flourens (1794–1867) added precision through surgical experiments - Paul Broca (1825–1880) patient unable to speak but could understand Broca’s area - From Physiology to Psychology Helmholtz (1821–1894) —the speed of responses Wundt (1832–1920) —structuralism Psychology’s Roots—Physiology - Important terms physiology stimulus reaction time structuralism consciousness introspection - Objective measurements of conscious processes? 2
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Psychology’s Roots—Coming to the USA - Titchener (1867–1927) hard introspective labor Elemental qualities of consciousness - James (1842–1910) functional approach - Darwin— The Origin of Species (1859) natural selection - G. Stanley Hall (1844–1924) Errors and Illusions Reveal Psychology - Illusions of movement
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 2003 taught by Professor Swanner during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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PSYC 2003 student - Chapter 1 Psychology The Evolution of a Science Psychologys Roots-Psychologys definition mind behavior defined-Important

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