Schacter PSYC 2003 student outline Chapter 6

Schacter PSYC 2003 student outline Chapter 6 - Chapter 6...

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Chapter 6 Learning Defining Learning *Learning – Experience that causes a permanent change *Habituation *gradual reduction in responding Learning and Behaviorism *Behaviorism: 1930s – 1950s *Observable, quantifiable behavior *Mental activity is irrelevant and unknowable Classical Conditioning *Pavlov’s discovery *Classical conditioning (S-R learning) *Unconditioned stimulus (US) *Unconditioned response (UR) *Conditioned stimulus (CS) *Conditioned response (CR) *Classical conditioning can be applied to emotional, immune system, and allergic responses as well as drug tolerance and sexual responses *Video: Classical Conditioning 1
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Classical Conditioning *Basic principles of classical conditioning *Acquisition *Second-order conditioning *Extinction *Spontaneous recovery *Generalization *Discrimination *Video: Processes in conditioning with dogs Conditioned Emotional Responses *John Watson *“even complex behaviors are the result of conditioning” *9-month-old “Little Albert” *Stimuli—loud noise (US); white rat (CS) *Showed curiosity *Then shown stimulus (rat) and loud noise when he reached to touch it—result was fear *Soon sight of rat caused fear *Video: Little Albert Fear Conditioning 2
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 2003 taught by Professor Swanner during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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Schacter PSYC 2003 student outline Chapter 6 - Chapter 6...

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