Schacter Unit 1 Major Concepts

Schacter Unit 1 Major Concepts - MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 1...

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MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 1 EXAM Chapters 1, 2, 3 (If it’s in BOLD TYPE , then KNOW IT) Chapter 1 1. Define psychology . How does this term relate to the concepts of mind and behavior ? 2. What does it mean to say that psychological processes are adaptive ? (see concept #9 below) 3. Describe mindbugs as listed in the text. Why is it useful to study mindbugs in psychology? 4. Describe Plato’s view of nativism as it relates to psychology. Describe Aristotle’s view of philosophical empiricism as it relates to psychology. How do these views relate to the nature v. nurture debate as discussed in class? 5. Define and describe Gall’s theory of phrenology 6. Define physiology and describe how it relates to the science of psychology 7. Define stimulus and reaction time and describe how Helmholtz’ research helped to transform psychology 8. Define Wilhelm Wundt’s concepts of consciousness, structuralism, and introspection and describe Wundt’s contribution to psychology 9. Define William James’ concept of functionalism . Describe how Darwin’s concept of natural selection relates to James’ concept 10. Define illusions and describe how they relate to the field of Gestalt psychology , which should also be defined. Which of the aforementioned approaches (see concepts #8-9) is the opposite of the Gestalt approach? 11. Describe how interest in mental disorders (such as multiple personality disorder and hysteria ) led to research on the workings of the human mind. What world-famous Austrian physician became attracted to research on hysteria early in his career? 12. Describe Sigmund Freud and his Psychoanalytic Theory. What are the basic premises of his theory? What is the unconscious ? How/why do sexual experiences relate to the theory? How does Freud’s work relate to the field of psychiatry ? 13. Describe the theory of Humanistic psychology . What are the basic premises of this theory? What problems with psychoanalytic theory was humanism formed in direct response to? 14. Describe John Watson’s theory of Behaviorism . What are the basic premises of his theory? How did he define psychology and behavior? What did he propose as the basic goal of scientific psychology? How did his approach change the field of psychology? How did he feel about emotion and thought as areas for research? How did his work apply to the nature v. nurture debate ? 15. How does Ivan Pavlov’s work relate to behaviorism? Define response and describe how it relates to stimulus in Pavlov’s research. What is S-R psychology ? How does animal research relate to behaviorism? 16. Describe how B.F. Skinner changed the focus of behaviorism. Define reinforcement . What are the basic premises of Skinner’s approach? How did this approach change from Watson’s? How did he apply his work with animals to the human condition? What did he think about the existence of free will? 17. Describe how the advent of computers and information processing systems related to the development of
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course PSYC 2003 taught by Professor Swanner during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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Schacter Unit 1 Major Concepts - MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 1...

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