student outline Chapter 16

student outline Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Social Psychology...

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Chapter 16 Social Psychology Social Behavior: Interacting with People *On any given day we interact with a variety of people *We interact with them in a variety of contexts *What determines with whom we choose to interact and how those interactions “go”? *The evolutionary perspective suggests a focus on: *fundamental task of survival *fundamental task of reproduction Survival: Aggression *Humans engage in interactions with each other that range from helping to hurting *Aggression *Frustration-aggression principle *impulsive aggression *uncomfortable internal states *temperature *pain or disgust 1
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Survival: Aggression *Regardless of conditions, though, not everyone is equally aggressive *Single best predictor is gender *Socialization *Testosterone *Gender differences in aggression *Culture Survival: Cooperation and Altruism *Cooperation— defined *Prisoner’s dilemma *Hypothesis-confirming bias *Altruism—defined *Kin selection *Reciprocal altruism 2
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Survival: Groups *Group- defined *Prejudice- positive or negative attitude *Discrimination- positive or negative behavior *In-group (“us”)- positive prejudice and discrimination *Out-group (“them”)- negative prejudice and discrimination Survival: Groups *Law-abiding, rational individuals often behave differently when they start hanging together in a group *Why? *Deindividuation- lose yourself *social loafing- someone else will pick up the slack bystander intervention- Kitty Genovese diffusion of responsibility- someone else will help *group polarization groupthink hypothesis- first space shuttle disaster; Bay of Pigs (ill-fated Cuban invasion attempt) 3
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student outline Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Social Psychology...

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