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Unit 3 Major Concepts

Unit 3 Major Concepts - MAJOR CONCEPTS UNIT 3 EXAM(If its...

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MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 3 EXAM Chapters 11, 12 (If it’s in BOLD TYPE , then KNOW IT) NOTE: “Compare and contrast” means to define and explain similarities and differences between terms/concepts Chapter 11 1. Describe how the themes of transition/transformation and continuity/consistency relate to the field of developmental psychology 2. Describe the four major stages of development ( prenatal, infancy/childhood, adolescence, adulthood ) in terms of ages or developmental transitions from one stage to the next. What stage involves the greatest physical changes? What stage involves the greatest cognitive/moral changes? 3. Define zygote . Compare and contrast the three phases of prenatal development: germinal stage, embryonic stage, fetal stage . Describe the major changes of each stage. Define placenta and myelination. Which stage presents the greatest vulnerability for the developing infant? 4. Describe how the environmental factors of maternal nutrition, maternal drug/alcohol use, and maternal illness can affect prenatal development… what can go wrong? What are teratogens ? What is fetal alcohol syndrome ? Is mild use of alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy safe for the developing infant? In general, how does the U.S. (one of the world’s richest most medically advanced countries) compare to other countries in terms of infant mortality? 5. Describe motor development and reflexes during the stage of infancy . What are developmental norms and how might individual, familial, and cultural differences affect them? Describe the cephalocaudal rule and the proximodistal rule in terms of motor development. Consider examples 6. Describe how Jean Piaget defines cognitive development through the stages of infancy and childhood. Describe the processes of assimilation and accommodation in terms of Piaget’s developmental theory. Consider examples of each 7. Compare and contrast Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational . During what ages does each stage occur? What are the major milestones of each stage? What are the cognitive limitations and abilities of each stage?
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