Unit 4 Major Concepts

Unit 4 Major Concepts - MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 4 EXAM...

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MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 4 EXAM Chapters 16, 13, 14 (If it’s in BOLD TYPE , then KNOW IT) NOTE: “Compare and contrast” means to define and explain similarities and differences between terms/concepts Chapter 16 1. Define social psychology 2. As discussed in class, the text takes an evolutionary approach to examining social behavior. With that in mind, what are the two fundamental underlying tasks of social interaction? Which of these tasks is related to helping and hurting as well as group behavior? Which is related to attraction and romantic relationships? 3. Define and describe aggression and the frustration-aggression principle . Consider examples of “uncomfortable internal states” and discuss how they relate to impulsive aggression. What is the single best predictor of aggressive behavior in humans and why might this condition have such a strong correlation with aggression? Discuss gender differences in aggression 4. Define cooperation and describe the hypothesis-confirming bias 5. Define altruism and describe the concepts of kin selection and reciprocal altruism 6. Define and describe a group . Compare and contrast prejudice and discrimination . How do these concepts relate to in-groups and out-groups ? Consider examples 7. As discussed in class, people may behave quite differently in groups. Consider explanations and examples for why this occurs related to each of the following concepts: deindividuation , social loafing , diffusion of responsibility and bystander intervention , group polarization and the groupthink hypothesis . Given these issues, consider some of the reasons why humans have a strong urge to form groups 8. Consider explanations for why women are much more selective than men with regard to sexual reproduction 9. Discuss situational (e.g., proximity), physical (e.g., cultural universals), and psychological factors (e.g., similarity) important in attraction. Define the mere-exposure effect 10. What is the primary explanation for why humans are among the very few species to have long-term, committed relationships? 11. Compare and contrast passionate love and companionate love . Consider cultural variations in the emphasis of these as a prerequisite for marriage 12. Describe the social exchange hypothesis . How does this relate to comparison level and equity ? 13. Compare and contrast the hedontic motive , the approval motive , and the accuracy motive as they relate to social influence 14. Define norms and describe the normative influence . What is the norm of reciprocity ? 15. Define conformity and consider examples. Describe Solomon Asch’s line study of conformity and explain how group size and group unanimity may affect likelihood of conformity. How did deception play a role in this study? 16. Define obedience and consider examples. Describe Stanley Milgram’s shock study of obedience and discuss the sociohistorical context of the study (why did Milgram and the world become interested in this). Be sure to differentiate between “teacher” and “learner” in the study. How strong of a social influence was an authority figure
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Unit 4 Major Concepts - MAJOR CONCEPTS: UNIT 4 EXAM...

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