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Unformatted text preview: which we are learning, so therefore multiple situations arise in our lives that require our behavior to be reinforced. Positive reinforcement and operant conditioning work together to provide a reward associated with success. This is also a powerful motivator, such as giving a dog a treat after it does a trick. Punishment too, however, plays a role in operant conditioning because it associates something unpleasant with the doing of something disfavored, like giving a child time out for hitting. Superstition, Skinner taught us, occurs when we associate chance occurrences with whatever we were doing at certain time; like children who expect magic only when they use the right words. 2...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2011 for the course BEH 225 taught by Professor Mrking during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '09