Chapter01 - ChapterOne TheFoundationsof AmericanGovernment...

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Chapter One The Foundations of  American Government
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What is Politics? Process of resolving conflicts and deciding, as  Harold Laswell put it, “who gets what, when, and  how” Struggle over power or influence within  organizations or informal groups that can grant or  withhold benefits or privileges Process that regulates conflict within society  (conflict is universal, endemic, pervasive) over the  distribution of benefits David Easton = politics is about the authoritative  allocation of values for a society
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What is Government? An institution in which decisions are made that  resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and  privileges Preeminent institution within society; ultimate  authority for making decisions and allocating  values Power to enforce rules that impose order and  stability; authority to make and enforce laws  considered legitimate (proper, appropriate) Max Weber = the state (i.e., government) has a  monopoly on the legitimate use of violence
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Why Do We Need Government? Security Order Liberty, Equality, Property Men/women are not angels Resources are limited, scarce Conflict is endemic, universal All states seek stability, security, prosperity
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Types of Government Totalitarian regime  – rule by a small group or an individual  dictator; with control over all aspects of life Authoritarianism
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2011 for the course POLS 130 taught by Professor Josephsalazar during the Summer '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Chapter01 - ChapterOne TheFoundationsof AmericanGovernment...

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